Rana Plaza Aftermath

volunteerRana Plaza collapse was a structural failure that occurred on 24 April 2013 in the Savar Upazila of Dhaka, Bangladesh where an eight-story commercial building collapsed. The search for the dead ended on 13 May 2013 with a death toll of 1,134.Approximately 2,515 injured people were rescued from the building alive.

It is considered the deadliest garment-factory accident in history, as well as the deadliest accidental structural failure in modern human history.

The building contained clothing factories, a bank, apartments, and several other shops. The shops and the bank on the lower floors immediately closed after cracks were discovered in the building. Warnings to avoid using the building after cracks appeared the day before had been ignored. Garment workers were ordered to return the following day and the building collapsed during the morning rush-hour.

An eight-story commercial building, collapsed in Savar only because of building was not well planned. Some greedy people make thousand worker lives is at risk. Given the scarcity of land, multi-storey buildings that violate building codes are a common occurrence. Many of these buildings are residential apartment blocks for families converted into factories, and are inadequate in terms of fire escapes, proper ventilation and sanitation, for the increased number of people they now have to cater to. Adding illegal floors to buildings is also a common practice. Needless to say, these floors are added in violation of structural concerns and fire and other safety measures.

Many factories are often run out of a single building, with multiple tenants on different floors. Apart from limited regular and emergency exits, high density of people, and lack of safety measures, the lack of coordination between tenants of these buildings pose greater risks as compared to small factories with single tenants. Additionally, these buildings house power generators to help the factories cope with frequent power cuts.

It housed a number of separate garment factories employing around 7,000 people, several shops, and a bank. Everything was destroyed including workers. It is considered to be the deadliest garment-factory accident in history, as well as the deadliest accidental structural failure in modern human history.

Families of victims, rescuers and local people on Saturday resented the slow pace in the work to rescue people and to recover bodies from the rubble of the Rana Plaza, housing five clothing factories that collapsed on 24th April, 2013. Several hundred of volunteers have been working hard round-the-clock risking their lives to rescue victims. Ordinary people and firefighters using shovels, handsaws, hammers and other handy tools were cutting the walls, grilles, and floors to pull victims out of the debris. Most of them, ill equipped and without any protective gear, were working wearing slippers, T-shirts, and jeans or trousers. A few had plastic helmets but no protective boots. Some volunteers stood one after another passing on supplies asked by the rescuers who were digging and drilling through endless chunks of debris.

Volunteers working inside were holding up signs reading ‘Water,’ ‘Food,’ or ‘Drill’ against holes they had cut and volunteers lined along outside were immediately passing what was wanted. Families of many victims and local people at Savar were asking reporters why the authorities were not using their maximum efforts with equipment whatever needed for such a rescue operation.

At this time a volunteer team named “Mukto Tarunno” (Later Mukto Tarunno formed Shongkolon Bangladesh) visited Rana Plaza on 24th April and planned how to rescue workers. On 25th April they collect a lot of Medicine to serve it in local clinics and brought rescue tools. On that afternoon they start their rescue mission in Rana Plaza. Shongkolon Bangladesh rescued 21 workers and worked till the ends of rescue mission 6th May, 2013. In this mission they risk their life to rescue garment workers as much as safely.

Food for Rana Plaza Victim

From 15th May, 2013 Shongkolon Bangladesh purchase daily necessary food for workers. Each day maximum 7-8workers are given a sack with:
Category Quantity
1. Rice 20kg
2. Daal 2kg
3. Cooking Oil 2kg
4. Sugar 1kg
5. Flour 2kg
6. Salt 1kg
7. Bath Soap 1 piece
8.Cloth washing Soap 2 piece
9. Cloth Washing Powder 500gm
10. Onion 1 kg
11. Potato 5kg
12. Ginger. 500gm
13. Onion 500gm
14. Chilly 500gm
15. Shemai 2packet
16. Milk (Powder) 250gm
17. Pumpkin 1piece
18. Other Vegetable 5kg
19. Egg 6piece

It’s difficult to the workers who couldn’t earn instantly after the collapse, it was impossible to buy necessary food survive himself and his/ her family also. It is also an intolerable scenario to a human to see workers going to die without food and their legal compensation. In this situation Shongkolon Bangladesh buy the necessary food for the worker, which will last at least a single month.

In total 175 workers are given necessary food by Shongkolon Bangladesh.

Medical Assistance

After Rana Plaza collapse thousands are dead, hundreds are lost, but rest of them? The rest of the workers injured. Based on the information center of Volunteers, more than 2500 workers were injured. Some lost their hands, some lost their legs, and some of them broke their bones of legs, hands, backbones.

First the medical campaign was set in front of Rana Plaza. In 25th April the medical camp was shift to Adhar Chandra School as the rally of dead bodies comes to the school field. From their Doctors, students of Medical College, local volunteers provide health support to injured Rana Plaza Garment Workers. In that afternoon Shongkolon Bangladesh reached with a car of medicine required for the injured workers. These medicines are supplied to local hospital for admitted injured garment workers. After 8th May 2013, the medical campaign shifted to Door Plaza, Thana Stand, and a near place to Rana Plaza. Doctors came to sit there for the treatment of injured workers. They provide treatment to the injured workers. Shongkolon Bangladesh hires Ambulance to send injured workers in various hospitals of Dhaka. Injured workers who got broken bones in Rana Plaza are admitted in Health & Hope Hospital, Uttora Adhunik medical College Hospital, and Dhaka Medical College Hospital. There was some serious patient who needed a long term treatment. Shongkolon Bangladesh also provides food 3 times in a day to the patients who are admitted for longer term treatment.

374320 329043053891771 873587506 nAccording to the information from the monitoring team, severely injured workers have eight types of wounds which include hand injury, leg injury, traumatized, severe backbone injury, head injury, pelvic fracture, crush injury and compartmental syndrome and others. The extent of severity of the injuries can be perceived from the number of cases in which people lost hands or legs or incurred severe backbone injuries. Male workers experienced most of these wounds proportionately, while injuries of the female workers can be categorized under specific types such as in legs and hands. Over 50 percent female workers ended up with almost disabled hands and legs. In other words, these workers seem to have lost their earning ability by working in the industrial sector. The workers have also been afflicted with injuries such as backbone injury and trauma etc., which need long-term treatment to rehabilitate and get back to normal condition.

Even those released after initial treatment were found to be undergoing treatment in local hospitals and clinics on their own. They would also require long time to get back to normal physical condition. A number of these workers now face unemployment due to lack of physical fitness.

In total 475 injured workers got full treatment.
Place of Treatment No. of Workers
Medical Campaign 447
Health & Hope Hospital 19
Dhaka Medical College 3
Uttora Adhunik Medical College Hospital 6

In total 475 injured workers got full treatment.

Rehabilitation

rana plaza aftermath 1There were a total of 2,438 survivors in the Rana Plaza incident who are in different physical conditions.

These people will need to be rehabilitated and re-employed over time. After the tragedy of 24th April, day by day new tragedy comes out. How can an injured worker work again to support his/ her family? What will a father/Mother who lost his/her son/daughter who supported their family? What will do a wife who lost husband in Rana Plaza Collapse? What will do a husband who lost his wife? Child needs the major support from her mother. They are continuously traumatized by the intolerable memories of the accident and on the other they are mentally exhausted from wondering about the future of their poor families. Most of these victims are the earning members of his/her family, with children, spouse or parents who are completely dependent on them for their survival. They are well aware of the fact that their families will starve if they can’t go back to work. But how will they work seeing that they may never recover completely? Who will employ someone who is disabled or maimed? They are constantly worrying and are under a terrible mental strain. In this situation it is necessary to give them some encouragement and assurances. Meanwhile, many individuals have extended their helping hand. Some paid cash money, where as some agreed to bear the expensive costs of attaching prosthetic limbs. These voluntary actions are undoubtedly exemplary and praiseworthy but they are not enough considering the severity of the problem.

Those who injured, those who died, those who missed were earning member of their family. They didn’t need only the wage/ compensation, they were required for rehabilitation. Shongkolon Bangladesh planned to rehabilitate the victims.

The injured workers, who had broken their bones in Rana Plaza, wouldn’t able to heavy work in his/her life-time. For them Shongkolon Bangladesh gives them grocery shop, and grocery stock also.

Some of workers were given stationary, some are tailoring shop by which he/she can sustain and can support his/her family in longer term.

1239539 377645915698151 1962561801 nInjured female workers were given a cow, which provide 12 liter milk per day. She can sell milk in local village market at 40 taka per liter. After sales of milk in local village market she can use the money to buy necessary food for her own and for her family also.

Injured male workers were also given Auto-Rickshaw, by which he can earn minimum Tk. 500 each day or if he loan it to other driver he can get a rent of Tk. 250 minimum. Some are given Van, by which he can earn for his family.

Rehabilitation Category No. of Workers
1. Cow 8
2. Grocery Shop 3
3. Rickshaw 24
4. Stationary 2
5. Van 4
6. Tailoring Shop with Tailoring Material 3
7. Others 6
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